Motherese – die Bedeutung von Babytalk in der sprachlichen Entwicklung von Babys

Motheresis, also known as the Ammen language or baby talk, is a linguistic way of interaction between parents and babies. Motheresis is characterized by high pitch, slow and simple pronunciation, repetitions, exaggerated emphasis on words and short sentences.

This type of speaking is a natural way of communicating with infants and toddlers and plays an important role in linguistic development.

Researchers have also discovered that Fetal Directed Speech (FDS) can already be heard during pregnancy. FDS correlates with the first perceptions of the fetal movements and the mother's depression. A certain amount of FDS can therefore be a useful signal for doctors to recognize prenatal depression and maternal participation during pregnancy.

Motheresis as a factor in the linguistic development of babies

The use of motheresis by parents is an important factor in the linguistic development of babies. It helps to strengthen the connection between parents and babies and promote language development. Parents who speak a lot to their babies and offer them a simple and clear language support the children in language development and the training of linguistic competence.

In the meantime, the nementary language had fallen into disrepute, but wrongly.Infants in the first year of life are dependent on the linguistic acquisition on the ammate language

How does it work? Very young infants can distinguish a greater variety of phonemes than adults. The adults have lost the ability to make phonemic distinctions that are not important in their mother tongue (Safffran & Thiessen, 2003). Small children are remarkably well prepared to decrypt an adapted language. Adults reliably vary their tone when they communicate with pre -verbal infants. These intonation requests are often successful in influencing the mood or behavior of a baby. Preverbal infants not only differentiate between different intonation patterns, but also recognize that certain vocalities are of particular importance. In the second half of the first year, they get used to the rhythm of language, which helps them, that belonged to sentences and finally divided into words.

It is important to be aware of the difference between the n attown language and multimodal ammment language (motheresis).

The multimodal motheresis relates to the use of several communication channels in addition to the spoken language in communication with infants and toddlers. These channels can include gestures, facial expressions, touch and eyes. It is believed that multimodal motheresis, infants and small children help to better understand and learn the language as well as to develop social and emotional skills.

In summary, motheresis is a way of speaking, while multimodal motheresis is a type of communication that includes several communication channels.

However, there are some parents and supervisors who do not use amming language. The reason for this can be that you believe that the use of baby talk could affect your child's linguistic development. Or you will find the ammatic language embarrassing. However, it is important to note that the lack of motherese can lead to reduced linguistic development when interaction with small children.

A study also showed that toddlers who address less than 30% of their attention in motherese language were 94% likely to be diagnosed with autism.

The importance and meaningfulness of theAmment language it also becomes clear by the fact that theybelongs to the (transcultural) "intuitive parent program". If the nementary language would not be important and sensible, we would not find it with almost all cultures.

The role of vocabulary in the linguistic development of babies

Another important factor for the linguistic development of babies is the vocabulary used by the parents. The language of parents who talk to playing babies contains a higher level of language proportions. The parents' language is tailored to the needs and interests of the baby. Babies who are asked about motheresis often develop a wider vocabulary.


Motheresis can therefore be seen as a key aspect of linguistic development that has far -reaching effects on child development. Parents and supervisors can support their child by talking to their child and paying attention to their language development. The recognition of signs such as low interest in motheresis could also be a marker for autism and enable diagnosis and targeted treatment at an early stage.


Developmental Psychology
Childhood and adolescence
David Shaffer,
Katherine Kipp
Written by Mara Schär

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