Die toxische Positivität: Wenn zu viel Optimismus schädlich werden kann
Positity is an important personality trait and can have a strong influence on our well -being and the way we deal with others. In the previous blog article We have dealt intensively with the power of our thoughts and saw how psychology approaches this topic. There are many studies that show that positive thoughts and emotions are directly related to better physical and emotional well -being. This phenomenon has been referred to several times as a Rosenthal effect, pygmalion effect or even "self-fulfilling prophecies" in psychology.

But when the positivity becomes excessive and begins to cover real problems or minimize negative feelings, it can become harmful and is called "toxic positivity".

By force positive thoughts, we deny our true feelings or experiences. Toxic positivity is an over -generalization of optimism and happiness in certain situations and denies impending problems or inhibits unpleasant emotions (Quintero & Long, 2019). More precisely, even if we go through difficult situations, we have to completely suppress negative emotions and force a positive attitude or positive thinking, since negative emotions are considered unacceptable or bad. If there is exaggeration and forcing in such situations, the effects can object to expectations.

Positive thinking is a wonderful tool if it is used correctly. People always use different means and strategies to
To remain positive: affirmations, visualizations, forms of support. However, some studies (Wood et al., 2009) have found that certain positive affirmations in humans will probably backfire, especially in people with little self -esteem. Therefore, we have to be careful and learn to use these psychological tools carefully. If we feel overwhelmed and do not get out of a complicated situation on our own, we should best ask for help and accept our negative emotions. If we don't know when and how we should use these aids, we can contact psychologists, psychotherapists, life coaches or health experts who guide us.

Wibowo (2020) showed through his research that positivity helps us to grow and use opportunities if it is used correctly and in the right situations. But that it can backfire against us when we go through very difficult times. By force positive vibrations, our feelings that we really experience, deny and invalidate. Negative feelings are important and help us learn and understand certain experiences in the course of life. Unpassed or suppressed you can too stress -related diseases to lead.

Another danger of the forced positivity is that this can lead to a lack of action, under certain circumstances that require an immediate or strict procedure. Sinclair, Hart, & Lomas (2020) found that optimism can be counterproductive when people experience domestic violence. It can endanger victims and prevent them from leaving misuse.

Social expectations also lead to negative self -assessments. People begin to feel that something is wrong with them if they are sad. It further strengthens your negative emotions and mental experiences. (Bastian, Brock & Kuppens, Peter & Hornsey, Matthew & Park, Joonha & Koval, Peter & Uchida, Yukiko, 2011).

Toxic positivity can also lead to emotional overload or burnout because it forces us to always stay happy, even if we feel depressed. This can also have a negative impact on our relationships because we can avoid opening ourselves and being authentic to others.

In order to avoid toxic positivity, it is important that we allow ourselves to recognize and use negative feelings. Instead of playing down or ignoring them, we have to take responsibility for you and encounter them with compassion and understanding. We and others also have to give ourselves permission to be authentic and to express ourselves freely, regardless of the emotional state.

Staying happy and positive is important and normal. It is a form of human, constant search, and it has been shown that it can empower us to grow and take advantage of opportunities. But life is neither simply nor fair and can sometimes face us with great challenges. It is important to allow us to recognize situations, to capitalize on all feelings and at the same time learn how we use tools correctly without getting involved in toxic positivity.

Source: http://s3-ap-southast-1.amazonaws.com/ijmer/pdf/volume11/volume11-issue3(6)/6.pdf
Written by Mara Schär

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